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Lung cancers are one of the commonest cancers mostly attributable to tobacco use. They can be classified as adenocarcinomas, squamous carcinomas, small cell carcinomas and neuroendocrine tumours. The lung team also sees patients with thymic tumours and mesothelioma (a tumour of the lining of the lung due to asbestos inhalation).


Lung cancers are assessed with biopsies to confirm type and scans to assess extent of disease known as staging – this determines prognosis and treatment.

St George’s University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust offers a comprehensive diagnostic service including lung function testing, a dedicated unit to perform bronchoscopies, and specialist lung ultrasound or CT guided biopsy.

To further aid diagnosis, the Radiology Department at St George’s University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust provides a comprehensive imaging service (including MRI, CT and ultrasound technologies) while the Pathology service provides expert analysis of blood, cells and tissues including in house rapid testing for tumour molecular mutations that guides treatment with novel therapies.

We are also able to offer PET scanning as part of our diagnostic suite through a mobile scanner that attends the Tooting site.