ACADEMICS WITHIN THE NEUROSURGERY DEPARTMENT
There are several research fellows and graduate students in the neurosurgery department.
Current research projects include:
Novel monitoring to optimize the early management of patients with severe spinal cord injury
In collaboration with Dr. Argyro Zoumprouli (intensive care) and Prof. Marek Czosnyka’s group in Cambridge, Dr. Saadoun and Prof. Papadopoulos have developed techniques to monitor intraspinal pressure and spinal cord perfusion pressure after spinal cord injury. This is analogous to monitoring intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure after brain injury.
Developing novel surgical techniques to improve outcome after spinal cord injury
Prof. Papadopoulos and Dr. Saadoun have developed a novel surgical technique termed expansion duroplasty, which reduces the pressure on the injured spinal cord after injury.
Dr. Samira Saadoun’s laboratory investigates the roles of aquaporin water channels in the brain and spinal cord. She has characterized the role of aquaporins in brain oedema and cell migration. A major goal of her laboratory is to understand the role of aquaporin-4 in neuromelitis optical and develop novel treatments.
Dr. Saadoun has established in patients microdialysis monitoring and spinal cord blood flow monitoring in spinal cord injury, characterised the effect of fever on the injured spinal cord and the effect of hypothermia on spinal cord physiology.
Clinical neurosurgical trials
Dr. Saadoun and Prof. Papadopoulos are co-Chief Investigators in the DISCUS trial funded by NIHR EME. DISCUS aims to determine whether expansion duroplasty improves neurological outcome after acute, severe traumatic spinal cord injury. DISCUS also allows centres to monitor from the injury site intraspinal pressure and microdialysis.
The neurosurgery unit has contributed patients in multiple national and international clinical neurosurgical trials including STICH, STICH2, STITCH, RESCUEicp, STASH, GOSH , SCIL, RESCUE-ASDH, DEX-CSDH and others.