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What is Critical Care ?

Critical Care (or Intensive Care Medicine) is the medical specialty that takes care of the most seriously ill patients: those whose life is immediately threatened. Patients who are cared for in an intensive care unit (ICU) are admitted because they have suffered from a wide range of conditions or traumas that include:

  • Shock
  • Life threatening infections
  • Acute respiratory illnesses
  • Neurological problems
  • Post-operative care
  • Complications.

Each time our life is endangered, it is the intensive care team that take care of us by supporting the function of insufficient organs. They help us breath when we suffer from a lung infection, fill in for the kidneys and eliminate waste from the blood when needed, and work to maintain blood pressure in case of shock, among many other vital activities. Without these treatments and adequate monitoring, consequences can be serious – and life threatening.

Intensive care ensures patients whose vital health and organs are unstable are given the most hands-on care available and is tasked with stabilising these patients before they are redirected to another specialty, unit or ward.